As anyone, I have to pay for the electricity, the gas or the water I am consuming in my house. As anyone, I would be very angry if I am overcharged and very happy if I am undercharged, and it would be the opposite for my energy provider.
This is why the instruments measuring all this for billing purposes are covered by regulations.
The term grid-level billing is related to commercial transactions between utilities, energy providers, or states. The simpler term billing is related to a commercial transaction between an energy provider and an energy consumer (customer). Grid level billing and billing are both related to legal metrology.
Legal metrology usually applies to measuring instruments used in:
- Commercial transactions (e.g. weight-price scales for retail stores, petrol pumps, water meters, etc.), when there is a need to protect both the buyer and the seller.
- Operations concerning public health or safety (e.g. gas analyzers, tachographs, radar speed detectors, breathalyzers, etc.).
For more detailed information on legal metrology applications, refer to the following resources:
Billing meters (also known as revenue meters, electricity meters or utility meters) are covered by regulations such as MID (Measuring Instruments Directive, Directive 2014/32/UE) in Europe.
Standards and regulations applicable to billing are shown in Table 1.
|Application Assessment Standards or Rules||Methods Standards||Product Standards|
|Any countries can define its own regulation and/or can refer to international documents, such as the IEC International standards or OIML guide||—||IEC 62052-xx
|—||OIML R46 (Organisation Internationale de la Métrologie Légale)|
|European regulation (MID = Measuring Instruments Directive)||WELMEC guides||EN 50470-1
|US regulation||—||ANSI C12.1, ANSI C12.20|
|Australian regulation (NMI)||—||NMI M-6|
|Indian regulation||—||IS 16244, IS 15884, IS 13779, IS 14697|
|Chinese regulation||—||JJG 596|
Table 1 – Documents related to Legal metrology
For more information on measuring applications, check out the white paper, “Guide to energy measurement applications and standards.”
For more information on IEC 61557-12, check out the white paper, “Guide to using IEC 61557-12 standard to simplify the setup of an energy measurement plan.”
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